Objects are translated when they are moved in a straight line in a given direction.
When describing translations, the movement left or right is given first then the movement up or down using vectors. For example, the vector translates as 3 right and 4 down. Note – positive numbers indicate movement right and up and negative numbers represent movement down or left.
Another way of describing a translation is to provide the direction as an angle and the distance as a length.
Congruent – this is when a shape is translated from the original.
Inverse translation – this is when the image has been translated back into the original object.