# Translation

**Translation**

Objects are **translated** when they are moved in a straight line in a given direction.

When describing translations, the movement left or right is given first then the movement up or down using **vectors**. For example, the vector translates as 3 right and 4 down. Note – positive numbers indicate movement right and up and negative numbers represent movement down or left.

Another way of describing a translation is to provide the direction as an angle and the distance as a length.

**Congruent** – this is when a shape is translated from the original.

**Inverse translation** – this is when the image has been translated back into the original object.